Gardnerella vaginalis : Definition, Symptoms, Identification and Treatment

🏾 Summary :

â—‰ Overview

â—‰ Common symptoms that indicate you have an unhealthy amount of Gardnerella vaginalis ?

Gardnerella vaginalis is one of the bacteria implicated in the development of bacterial vaginosis , many women (>50%) with this vaginal infection have no signs or symptoms, when these are present they are most often :

Gardnerella vaginalis can also be responsible for serious infections (sepsis, wound infections) in locations other than those associated with the genital tract or obstetrics, these cases are very rare but have been reported, including in men.

â—‰ How do I know if I have Gardnerella vaginalis ?

The reference examination for the diagnosis of BV is the direct examination, Gram staining of the vaginal flora, of the vaginal secretions. It is used to determine the Nugent score and the presence of Clue Cells.

â—‰ Bacteriological characteristics of Gardnerella vaginalis

Gardnerella vaginalis is Gram-variable bacilli or coccobacilli; catalase and oxidase negative, hydrolysis of sodium hippurate positive; acid production from glucose, maltose and sucrose (variable). .

The culture is preferably carried out on vaginal agar (V agar) or HBT agar (Human Blood Tween) for 48 hours in anaerobic conditions.

â—‰ Treatment

Asymptomatic colonization with Gardnerella does not need to be treated. However, if a patient is bothered by BV symptoms or is pregnant, she should be treated with clindamycin, Secnidazole, or metronidazole orally or vaginally.

â—‰ Frequently asked questions

Q : Does Gardnerella vaginalis itch?
A : When gardnerella begins to multiply, it will disrupt the vaginal microbiome and create an imbalance that causes the various symptoms such as itching.

Q : how do i get gardnerella
A : Gardnerella is already present in your body in small amounts, You can get BV if too much Gardnerella grows (excessive hygiene, douching, changing sexual partners or even tobacco.).

Q : Is Gardnerella dangerous ?
A : There is an increased risk of contracting other STIs, including HIV. In pregnant women, it can cause premature rupture of membranes, premature labor and delivery.


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